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Building Vertical gardens

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Architects are creating one big change in their design today - they are incorporating more green and less steel, glass and concrete into the outer facade. Sheathing buildings with glass has become passe - now architects are opting for natural sheathing with plants, shrubs, dwarf trees and a variety of creepers. Growing plant in the building can help to filter air particle and help to control air quality as well as some level of humidity. It also helps to save water by reducing the need for irrigation and watering. Architects in Australia and Malaysia have also ensured that the trend was seen as more than a mere flash in the pan. From hotels in Paris to apartments in Lebanon, everyone has started to use unique designs to establish vertical gardens.

Why do you need a vertical garden?

A vertical garden surrounding your building comes with benefits that go beyond beauty. Living walls or vertical gardens help in reducing air pollution. These livings walls last for up to 25 years and help absorb carbon dioxide, one of the largest air-pollutants. They also help in bringing the temperature of the building down thus reducing its dependency on air-conditioning systems.

One cannot overestimate the importance of green wall technology, which provides architects with new ecological elevation material. Vertical gardening in urbanization area provide ecosystem services in urban areas, including improved storm-water management, better regulation of building temperatures, reduced urban heat-island effects, and increased urban wildlife habitat. From Brazil and France to Lebanon, Vietnam and China, architects are designing green buildings and houses to combat air pollution and put the country back into the city. There is a renewed interest in the vertical gardens and the host of benefits from this new trend are helping push this movement into high gear.

Benefits of Vertical Gardens

Urban vertical gardens today refer to the building facade, living walls, and vertical freestanding structure.

  • Vertical gardens use vertical space to grow flowers, vegetable, fruits, herbs etc.
  • Vertical gardens cover less space, are easy to harvest and easy to install.
  • Easy to maintain
  • Support structures can be designed according to the need of green vegetation
  • The integrated water system can also be used as an alternative cooling method for the building
  • Improved exterior efficiency
  • Improve indoor air quality
  • Noise reduction
  • Beauty abounds and adds visual drama
  • Live plants decrease stress levels, create
Types of plants used in Vertical Gardens

The whole design of urban vertical gardens depends on the selection of plants. Plants have various uses, some of them creeper up the building facade, a few grow in their respective pots as a dwarf variety, while others have the ability to grow wild. Some of the common plants include India Basil, Aloe vera, sage, spider plant, Fern, Pothos, jade plant, Fenugreek, Heartleaf, croton, self-climbing plants, and tendrils among others.

Vertical gardens can be created indoors and outdoors while creating an aesthetic look. The vertical garden buildings are still seen as spaces for the elite and have not come down to the ordinary citizen. If this can happen then we may never need to worry about air pollution ever again.

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